When Should you Consult a General Physician?

A general physician, is a doctor who specializes in several medical conditions that affect the body and do not require surgery as treatment. General physicians offer not only treatment for the particular medical condition, but provide holistic health care to their patients.

Dr. Rashmi Verma Created on 12th Mar, 21

Many people in Bhopal visit a general physician. However, they do not know what a general physician does and which conditions they can treat. 

In this article, we have discussed who a general physician is and how they help their patients. 


So, the next time you visit a doctor in Bhopal, titled as a general physician, you know exactly how they can help with your condition. 


Let us begin by understanding who a general physician is.


Who is a general physician?

A general physician, or GP, is a medical doctor who specializes in a wide range of diseases that affect the body and do not require surgery as primary treatment.


What medical conditions can general physicians treat?

General physicians can treat all medical disorders. We have mentioned some conditions below that your general physician can provide you treatment for:

  • Cardiovascular system
  • Viral fevers
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Ischaemic heart disease (angina, heart attack)
  • Respiratory system
  • Asthma
  • Emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Pneumonia
  • Lung fibrosis
  • Gastrointestinal system
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Liver disease, including alcoholic liver disease
  • Neurological system
  • Cerebrovascular accident (strokes)
  • Epilepsy (seizures)
  • Dementia
  • Haematological disorders
  • Anaemia
  • Endocrinological disorders
  • Diabetes
  • Thyroid disease
  • Pituitary disease

General physicians are specifically qualified to care for people with complex conditions. The general physician's broad training allows him or her to diagnose and cure complications.

They can also deal with the emotional and psychological effects of the illness on their patients.


Do general physicians have speciality areas of interest?

Although they have a strong general medical experience, they often focus on one subject with even more specialization.


What tests can general physicians perform?

General practitioners can plan for several examinations that are suitable for your condition. These include bedside checks like: 

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Urinalysis (U/A)
  • Blood sugar level
  • Blood pressure
  • Complete blood count(CBC)
  • CT scan
  • Viral markers test
  • MRI
  • Renal function test
  • Liver function test
  • Lipid and thyroid profile
  • Fecal occult blood test(FOBT)


Generally, they include laboratory examinations such as blood tests. These blood checks are specific to the issue you are experiencing. The laboratory can also filter other samples such as urine or fluid from other areas of the body in addition to blood tests.


A biopsy or a small piece of tissue can be needed for diagnosis on rare occasions. This will be submitted to a pathologist for a complete examination.


Imaging performed by radiologists such as X-rays, CT scans, ultrasound, and MRI, is also part of the investigative process. In certain circumstances, nuclear medicine tests are also used.


Finally, your general physician can refer you to a specialist for further testing if the condition is complex and cannot be treated with medications.


What to expect when you visit a general physician?

History :

A general physician (GP) has a broad spectrum of medical expertise and can adapt the consultation to your specific problem. They will inquire about:

  • Present symptoms, including their onset, length, and type
  • Relieving and alleviating reasons
  • Past testing and treatments


Other medical issues, drugs, asthma, and social and family backgrounds all play a role in this consultation.


Observation :

Your general physician will individualize the examination according to your condition. Simple observation can give an experienced GP many insights. They might check your nails, wrists, skin, eyes, and mouth for clues. 


The examination will be completed by inspecting your other organs. Your doctor can now determine which tests are necessary to validate their clinical findings.


Furthermore, patients are often sent to general physicians for pre-surgery evaluations. They will inform surgeons of a patient's risk status and suggest effective management to reduce the operation's risk. 


They will also help with postoperative treatment as well as chronic medical issues or complications.


What makes a general physician special?

General physicians are different from other medical professionals. They have a distinct blend of expertise, experience, and qualifications. 

  • They are trained through comprehensive training programs. General physicians are:
  • Well-educated to cope with the full spectrum of a patient's medical issues
  • In their approach to delivering an expert diagnosis, they are thorough, logical, and scientific
  • Capable of assessing, selecting medications, and other prescription treatments to prevent and cure disease. They are also capable of caring for patients as whole people, not just body systems
  • Expert in clinical decision-making and providing effective treatment


Now that you have an overview of what a general physician does, it might be easier for you to choose the right doctor for treatment.